Biography of John Caldwell
Allegheny County, PA Biographies

JOHN CALDWELL, alderman from the twenty fourth ward, Pittsburg, was born in County Donegal, Ireland, in 1842. He came to America with his parents in 1855, locating in Pittsburg, where he attended the parochial schools. Leaving school when fourteen years old, he started to learn the saddlers' trade, and, in August, 1 861, enlisted as a private in Company G, 4th Pennsylvania cavalry. Mr. Caldwell's career in the Civil war is a most creditable one. His first term expiring in February, 1864, here enlisted, and was mustered out on July 12, 1865, although the papers bear the date, July 1, 1865. He fought with distinction in the great battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg, and later at second Cold Harbor and the Wilderness. In a skirmish with Stuart's cavalry, Feb. 25, 1863, he received a wound in the left ankle, which disabled him until October of that year. On June 24, 1864, he was captured and confined a long time in the rebel prisons. He was first taken to Richmond, to Libby prison, thence to Lynchburg, Va., and from there marched to Danville, Va. From Danville he was sent by train to Andersonville, and held in this famous prison from July to October. After this he was taken to Blackshear, then to Charleston, and from Charleston was moved to Florence, S. C, where he was held in a stockade until Dec. 13, 1864, being then paroled, exchanged and sent to Annapolis. He rejoined his regiment at Lynchburg, Va., in April, 1865. Sliortly after enlistment he was made corporal, and came out with the rank of sergeant. The war over, Mr. Caldwell became a street car conductor, and was employed thus for twelve years with the exception of two years, from 1870 to 1872, when he worked in a foundry at West Point. In November, 1880, he entered the employ of the Lake Erie railroad company, remaining with them but a short time, and later went to work for Jones & Laughlin. Mr. Caldwell was elected alderman in February, 1891, and has been twice reelected. In politics he is a democrat, and in religious belief a Catholic. He is a member of Union Veteran legion. No. 1, of Pittsburg.

Memoirs of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
personal and genealogical with portraits.
Publishers: Northwestern Historical Association
Madison, Wis. 1904.

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